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Provisional Māori soil health indicators:
  • Mauri - internal essence, life force, assessment, local knowledge e.g. a healthy functioning soil fit for purpose and sustaining life, health, and prosperity, capacity of a soil to function as a living system to sustain mauri

  • Mana - authority to manage and make decisions but also can imply the mana of a soil as a living entity i.e. food sovereignty e.g. ability to make decisions over someone’s land, soil management guidelines and best practice

  • Mahinga kai and Maara kai- the ability of the soil to provide sustenance, food sovereignty, and prosperity e.g. area of soils that sustain gardening/organics

  • Oranga ora- measure of food safety and food health from soil e.g. a soil free from pesticides and contaminants, meets food safety standards