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Oneone means soil. Māori gardeners had at least 60 names for types of soil.
Name Description
One-pū sand
One nui rich soil, consisting of clay, sand and decayed organic material
One-matua typically a loam
One mata dark fertile soil
Tuatara wawata brown friable fertile soil suitable for kūmara
One-pārakiwai silt
One paraumu very dark fertile soil, friable
One hanahana Dark soil mixed with gravel or small stones
One haruru Light but good soil; sand and loam
One hunga sea sand, sandy beach, sometimes mixed with mud
One kopuru soil found in wet situations
One kōkopu gravel, or very gravelly soil
One kura reddish, poor soil
One pākirikiri soil containing gravel
One parahuhu alluvium (also parahua)
One punga light spongy soil
One tai sandy soil, near tidal flats, near beach
One tea white soil, sandy volcanic material
One takataka friable soil
One tuatara stiff brown soil, needing sand or gravel worked in
One wawata lumpy soil
Kirikiri tuatara fertile brown soil
Kōtae alluvial soil
One tea light sandy soil, near Dargaville.
Kenepuru sandy silt
Kere was used as a prefix for some types of clay, including keretū, kerematua and kerewhenua:
Keretū clay
Kerematua stiff clay
Kerewhenua yellow clay
Kereone sandy earth, e.g., near Morrinsville
Kōtore white clay
Taioma pipe clay
Uku unctous clay, white or bluish
Uku whenua plastic clay (old traditional name)
Matapaia a clay when baked hard was used as a stone for cooking