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Darren Ward

Senior Researcher - Entomologist
Darren Ward
Contact Darren

Research interests

I study the biology of insects, especially ants, bees, social and parasitoid wasps (collectively known as Hymenoptera)

My main interests are insect diversity across different landscapes, invasive species, and taxonomy.

Currently I am interested in compiling and using big datasets to answer environmental questions, and particularly using historical information from natural history collections, such as insect decline, and spatial and temporal patterns of biodiversity.


Connolly S, Ward D Early access Jun 2020. Utilising museum data for comparative analysis of threatened insect species. Journal of Insect Conservation. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000542493800001

Probert AF, Ward DF, Beggs JR, Lin SL, Stanley MC 2020. Conceptual Risk Framework: Integrating Ecological Risk of Introduced Species with Recipient Ecosystems. Bioscience 70(1): 71-79. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000508115600012

Horrocks KJ, Ward D, Suckling DM 2020. Can natural enemies of current insect pests provide biotic resistance to future pests? Agricultural and Forest Entomology 22(1): 20-29. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000482095700001

Fernandez-Triana JL, Ward DF 2020. Notogaster, a new genus of Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from New Zealand. Zootaxa 4801(2): 251-279. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000540902100003

Bartomeus I, Stavert JR, Ward D, Aguado O 2019. Historical collections as a tool for assessing the global pollination crisis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 374(1763). <Go to ISI>://WOS:000450501500004

Quicke DLJ, Ward DF, Butcher BA 2019. A new micropterous, ground-dwelling, non-cyclostome braconid parasitoid wasp, Epigeiobracon perplexus Quicke & Ward, gen. et sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from New Zealand of uncertain relationships. Austral Entomology 58(3): 478-483. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000483807600002

Quicke DLJ, van Achterberg K, Ward D, Butcher BA 2019. Three new species of the New Zealand endemic, Neptihormius van Achterberg & Berry (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with diverse host records. Austral Entomology 58(3): 515-523. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000483807600005

Khalaim AI, Ward DF 2019. Tersilochinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from New Zealand. Part 2. Review of genera Kiwi gen. nov. and Zealochus Khalaim. Zootaxa 4613(3): 521-545. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000470912300006

Edney-Browne E, Brockerhoff EG, Ward D 2018. Establishment patterns of non-native insects in New Zealand. Biological Invasions 20(7): 1657-1669

Saunders TE, Ward DF 2018. Variation in the diversity and richness of parasitoid wasps based on sampling effort. Peerj 6. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000429847800002

Seebens H, Blackburn TM, Dyer EE, Genovesi P, Hulme PE, Jeschke JM, Pagad S, Pysek P, van Kleunen M, Winter M, Ansong M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brockerhoff EG, Brundu G, Capinha C, Causton CE, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Economo EP, Fuentes N, Guenard B, Jager H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kuhn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold AM, Mosena A, Moser D, Nentwig W, Nishino M, Pearman D, Pergl J, Rabitsch W, Rojas-Sandoval J, Roques A, Rorke S, Rossinelli S, Roy HE, Scalera R, Schindler S, Stajerova K, Tokarska-Guzik B, Walker K, Ward DF, Yamanaka T, Essl F 2018. Global rise in emerging alien species results from increased accessibility of new source pools. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115(10): E2264-E2273. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000426671900017

Bertelsmeier C, Ollier S, Liebhold AM, Brockerhoff EG, Ward D, Keller L 2018. Recurrent bridgehead effects accelerate global alien ant spread. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115(21): 5486-5491. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000432663000063

Hodge S, Ward DF, Merfield CN, Liu WYY, Gunawardana D 2017. Seasonal patterns of drosophilid flies and parasitoid wasps attracted to rotting fruit and vegetable baits in Canterbury, New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 40(1): 7–15.

Saunders TE, Ward DF 2017. A new species of Lusius (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 40(2): 72–78.

Kendall LK, Ward DF 2016. Habitat determinants of the taxonomic and functional diversity of parasitoid wasps. Biodiversity and Conservation 25(10): 1955–1972.

Ward DF, Anderson DP, Barron MC 2016. Using spatially explicit surveillance models to provide confidence in the eradication of an invasive ant. Scientific Reports 6: 34953.

Groenteman R, Forgie SA, Hoddle MS, Ward DF, Goeke DF, Anand N 2015. Assessing invasion threats: novel insect-pathogen-natural enemy associations with native New Zealand plants in southern California. Biological Invasions 17(5): 1299–1305.

Ward DF 2015. Review of the Anomaloninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from New Zealand with a description of a new genus and two new species. New Zealand Entomologist 38(1): 58–66.

Ward DF 2015. The insidious threat of invasive invertebrates. In: Stow A, Maclean N, Holwell GI ed. Austral ark : the state of wildlife in Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge, U.K., Cambridge University Press. Pp. 162–185.

Ward D, Edney-Browne E 2015. Poles apart: comparing trends of alien Hymenoptera in New Zealand with Europe (DAISIE). PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132264.

Ward DF, Leschen RAB, Buckley TR 2015. More from ecologists to support natural history museums. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 30(7): 373–374.

Ward D, Anderson D, Barron M 2014. Progress on the eradication of Argentine ants. Landcare Research Contract Report ; LC1876. Landcare Research. 18 p.

Barron MC, Ward DF, Anderson DP 2014. How do we know the zeroes are real? - Surveillance to declare eradication. Protect (Spring 2014): 17–18.

Lester PJ, Brown SDJ, Edwards ED, Holwell GI, Pawson SM, Ward DF, Watts CH 2014. Critical issues facing New Zealand entomology. New Zealand Entomologist 37(1): 1–13.

Ward DF 2014. Understanding sampling and taxonomic biases recorded by citizen scientists. Journal of Insect Conservation 18(4): 753–756.

Ward DF, Young M, Booth KAM, Beggs JR 2014. Patterns of beetle diversity in kauri forest. New Zealand Entomologist 37(2): 75–82.

Ward D, Morgan F 2014. Modelling the impacts of an invasive species across landscapes: a step-wise approach. PeerJ 2: e435.

Ward D 2014. Options for the biological control of Vespula wasps in New Zealand. Landcare Research Contract Report ; LC1684. Landcare Research. 15 p.

Lester PJ, Beggs JR, Brown RL, Edwards ED, Groenteman R, Toft RJ, Twidle AM, Ward DF 2013. The outlook for control of New Zealand’s most abundant, widespread and damaging invertebrate pests: social wasps. New Zealand Science Review 70(4): 56–62.

Fernández-Triana J, Ward DF, Cardinal S, Van Achterberg C 2013. A review of Paroplitis (Braconidae, Microgastrinae), and description of a new genus from New Zealand, Shireplitis, with convergent morphological traits. Zootaxa 3722(4): 549–568.

Ward DF, Ramón-Laca A 2013. Molecular identification of the prey range of the invasive Asian paper wasp. Ecology and Evolution 3(13): 4408–4414.

Ward DF 2013. Revision of Bethylidae (Hymenoptera) from New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 36(2): 107-130.

Ward DF 2013. Diplazontinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 36(1): 30-36.

Stanley MC, Nathan HW, Phillips LK, Knight SJ, Galbraith JA, Winks CJ, Ward DF 2013. Invasive interactions: can Argentine ants indirectly increase the reproductive output of a weed? Arthropod-plant interactions 7(1): 59-67.

Ward DF, Stanley MC 2013. Site occupancy and detection probability of Argentine ant populations. Journal of Applied Entomology 137(3): 197–203.

Ward D 2013. Status of control options for Vespula wasps in New Zealand. Landcare Research contract report ; LC1162. Landcare Research. 48 p.

Stanley MC, Ward DF 2012. Impacts of Argentine ants on invertebrate communities with below-ground consequences. Biodiversity and conservation 21: 2653–2669.

Ward DF 2012. Ant invasion at Papamoa Beach. The Weta 43(1): 13-14.

Ward DF, Eary JW, Schnitzler F-R, Hitchmough RA, StringerI.A.N. 2012. The conservation status of New Zealand Hymenoptera. New Zealand entomologist 35(2): 116-119.

Smith MA, Fernández-Triana JL, Eveleigh E, Gómez J, Guclu C, Hallwachs W, Hebert PDN, Hrcek J, Huber JT, Janzen D, Mason PG, Miller S, Quicke DLJ, Rodriguez JJ, Rougerie R, Shaw MR, Várkonyi G, Ward DF, Whitfield JB, Zaldívar-Riverón A 2012. DNA barcoding and the taxonomy of Microgastrinae wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae): impacts after 8 years and nearly 20 000 sequences. Molecular ecology resources 13(2): 168-176.

Ward DF 2012. More than just records: analysing natural history collections for biodiversity planning. PLoS ONE 7(11): e50346.

Fernandez-Triana JL, Ward DF, Whitfield JB 2011. Kiwigaster gen. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from New Zealand: the first Microgastrinae with sexual dimorphism in number of antennal segments. Zootaxa 2932: 24–32.

Ward DF 2011. Ichneumonidae of New Zealand., updated 2013.

Ward D, Goulet H 2011. Moaxiphia goulayi sp.n. (Hymenoptera: Xiphydriidae), a new endemic woodwasp from New Zealand. New Zealand entomologist 34: 1-4.

Ward D 2011. Poecilocryptus zealandicus sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Labeninae) from New Zealand. New Zealand entomologist 34(1): 37-39.

Roura-Pascual N, Hui C, Ikeda T, Leday G, Richardson DM, Carpintero S, Espadaler X, Gomez C, Guenard B, Hartley S, Krushelnycky P, Lester PJ, McGeoch MA, Menke SB, Pedersen JS, Pitt JPW, Reyes J, Sanders NJ, Suarez AV, Touyama Y, Ward D, Ward PS, Worner SP 2011. Relative roles of climatic suitability and anthropogenic influence in determining the pattern of spread in a global invader. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(1): 220-225.

Ward DF, Green C, Harris RJ, Hartley S, Lester PJ, Stanley MC, Suckling DM, Toft RJ 2010. Twenty years of Argentine ants in New Zealand : past research and future priorities for applied management. New Zealand entomologist 33: 68-78.

Ward D, Early J 2010. Guide to the family-level identification of Hymenoptera in New Zealand v1.0 Online LUCID Phoenix key. Landcare Research.

Stanley MC, Ward DF 2010. [Abstract] Do Argentine ants have impacts on ecosystems? Proceedings: Biodiversity : 2010 and beyond : programme and abstracts, University of Otago, Dunedin, 22-25 November 2010. Pp. 116-117.

Stanley MC, Keeling H, Galbraith J, Nathan H, Phillips L, Knight S, Winks CJ, Ward DF 2009. [Abstract] Do Argentine ants have impacts on ecosystems? Proceedings: Islands and hotspots: the 58th annual conference of the Entomological Society of New Zealand, Tamaki Campus, University of Auckland, Auckland N.Z., 5-8 April, 2009. Pp. 33.

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  • Editoral Board of PeerJ, PeerJ
  • Academic Editor of PLOS ONE, PLOS ONE