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Numerous images in this key were provided by coauthor Jeremy Rolfe. Several Landcare Research stock photos are also included, originally taken as transparencies by WF (Bill) Rennie and Robert Lamberts of the then DSIR at Lincoln.

We thank many others for kindly contributing their outstanding images of New Zealand native orchids:

  • Allan Ducker
  • Bron Thorneycroft
  • Bruce Irwin
  • Carlos Lehnebach
  • Chris Ecroyd
  • Chris Morse
  • Dan Hatch
  • Eric Scanlen
  • Gael Donaghy
  • Georgina Upson
  • Gillian Crowcroft
  • Grahame Bell
  • Ian St George
  • John Barkla
  • John Barraclough
  • Jon Sullivan
  • Leon Perrie
  • Mark Moorhouse
  • Matt Renner
  • Maurice Needham
  • Michael Pratt
  • Mike Lusk
  • Nick Saville
  • Nicola Baines
  • Peter Heenan
  • Phil Knightbridge
  • Sarah Richardson
  • Steve Attwood
  • Val Smith

Several of these contributors provided their images via the NZ Native Orchids project ( ) on NatureWatch NZ, covered by Creative Commons licences for non-commercial use.

We welcome further images from contributors, especially to address current gaps in coverage of the key.

We also acknowledge the financial assistance of the Terrestrial and Freshwater Biodiversity Information System (TFBIS) Programme for funding this key. The TFBIS Programme is funded by the Government to help to achieve the goals of the New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy, and is administered by the Department of Conservation.

Useful links relating to New Zealand native orchids

Flora of New Zealand Online – Taxon Profile – Orchidaceae.

NatureWatchNZ New Zealand Native Orchids Project

New Zealand Plant Conservation Network

New Zealand Native Orchids

Ngā Tipu o Aotearoa – New Zealand Plants databases


de Lange P, Rolfe J, St George I, Sawyer J 2007. Wild Orchids of the Lower North Island: Field guide 2007. Published by the Department of Conservation, Wellington Conservancy, New Zealand.

Moore L, Edgar, E 1970. Flora of New Zealand. Volume II. Indigenous Tracheophyta, Monocotyledones except Gramineae. Wellington, Government Printer.

Rolfe J, de Lange P 2010. Illustrated guide to New Zealand sun orchids, Thelymitra (Orchidaceae). Published by Jeremy Rolfe, Lower Hutt, New Zealand.

Scanlen EA, St George IM 2011. Colour field guide to the native orchids of New Zealand. 3rd edition. Published by the NZ Native Orchid Group, Wellington, New Zealand.