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Samples from animals may have come from a live animal (e.g. by brushing or plucking from the coat of a live animal; from hairs found in a hair tube trap (1)) or from a dead animal (e.g. by plucking hair from an animal killed in a trap, taxidermy specimens or study skins prepared as reference material (2)).



  1. Gleeson DM, Byrom AE, Howitt RLJ. 2010. Non-invasive methods for genotyping of stoats (Mustela erminea) in New Zealand: potential for field applications. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 34(3), 356-359.

  2. Brunner H, Coman B. 1974. The Identification of Mammalian Hair. Inkata Press, Melbourne.