Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

Hydrology and soil physics

Focusing on how water interacts with land, research ranging from land rehabilitation and understanding hydrological pathways through the soil, to landscape–scale hydrological processes and the tools, techniques and frameworks needed to effectively model and manage water resources and associated quality.

This area of research focuses on the interaction between land management and the amount and quality of water reaching a stream environment. It aims to produce tools and frameworks that aid land managers to promote the lowest possible impact on the receiving freshwater environment. Examples of the expertise in the group include the following:

  • Effects of tall vegetation on water yield - modelling and measuring the impact of forests on water quantity
  • Modelling impacts of land use on water quality - using models to assess the impact of land use change on water quality from small-plot to large-catchment (c. 2000 km2) scale
  • Providing sensors for measuring water as it moves through the landscape - using innovative technology to provide environmental sensors for water on and through soil
  • Measuring hydrological processes as affected by land cover- assessing how much water reaches the soil and/or streams under different land covers (e.g. forests, urbanisation) including transpiration and rainfall interception properties
  • Policy demands in water management - providing advice and innovative ideas on how best to manage scarce water resources
  • Land rehabilitation - providing advice on how best to rehabilitate land after major disturbances like mining or land drainage
  • Effects of tillage practices on soil structure and water flow through the soil - using knowledge of soil physics to predict how agricultural practices will impact on hydrological processes


  • Sinner J, Fenemor A, Kilvington M, Allen W, Tadaki M, Baker M-A 2012. Valuing our waters - a case study in Tasman district (Prepared for Ministry of Science and Innovation). Cawthron reports. Cawthron Institute. 126 p.
  • Allen W, Fenemor A, Kilvington M, Harmsworth G, Young RG, Deans N, Horn C, Phillips C, Montes de Oca O, Ataria J, Smith R 2011. Building collaboration and learning in integrated catchment management: the importance of social process and multiple engagement approaches. New Zealand journal of marine and freshwater research 45(3): 525-539.
  • Fenemor A, Phillips C, Allen W, Young RG, Harmsworth G, Bowden B, Basher L, Gillespie PA, Kilvington M, Davies-Colley R, Dymond J, Cole A, Lauder G, Davie T, Smith R, Markham S, Deans N, Stuart B, Atkinson M, Collins A 2011. Integrated catchment management - interweaving social process and science knowledge. New Zealand journal of marine and freshwater research 45(3): 313-331.
  • Fenemor AD, Neilan D, Allen W, Russell S 2011. Improving water governance in New Zealand - stakeholder views of catchment management processes and plans. Policy Quarterly 7(4): 10–19.
  • Dymond JR, Davie TJA, Fenemor AD, Ekanayake JC, Knight BR, Cole AO, Munguia OMD, Allen WJ, Young RG, Basher LR, Dresser M, Batstone CJ 2010. Integrating environmental and socio-economic indicators of a linked catchment-coastal system using variable environmental intensity. Environmental management 46(3): 484-493.
  • Fahey B, Ekanayake J, Jackson R, Fenemor A, Davie T, Rowe L 2010. Using the WATYIELD water balance model to predict catchment water yields and low flows. Journal of hydrology 49(1): 35-58.
  • Phillips C, Allen W, Fenemor A, Bowden B, Young R 2010. Integrated catchment management research: lessons for interdisciplinary science from the Motueka Catchment, New Zealand. Marine and Freshwater Research 61(7): 749-763.
  • Atkinson M, Kilvington M, Fenemor A 2009. Watershed talk : the cultivation of ideas and action : a project about processes for building community resilience. Lincoln, N.Z., Manaaki Whenua Press. 45 p.
  • Cao WZ, Bowden WB, Davie T, Fenemor A 2009. Modelling Impacts of Land Cover Change on Critical Water Resources in the Motueka River Catchment, New Zealand. Water Resources Management 23(1): 137-151.
  • Fenemor A, Deans NA, Davie T, Allen W, Dymond JR, Kilvington M, Phillips C, Basher L, Gillespie P, Young R, Sinner J, Harmsworth G, Atkinson M, Smith R 2008. Collaboration and modelling - tools for integration in the Motueka catchment, New Zealand. Water S.A. 34(4): 448-455.
  • Cole AO, Allen W, Kilvington M, Fenemor A, Bowden B 2007. Participatory modelling with an influence matrix and the calculation of whole-if-system sustainability values. International Journal of Sustainable Development 10(4): 382-401.
  • Fenemor AD 2007. Options to improve water management in Motueka. Ecologic magazine Spring: 14-.
  • Cao WZ, Bowden WB, Davie T, Fenemor A 2006. Multi-variable and multi-site calibration and validation of SWAT in a large mountainous catchment with high spatial variability. Hydrological processes 20(5): 1057-.
  • Fenemor A, Davie T, Markham S 2006. Hydrological information in water law and policy: New Zealand's devolved approach to water management. In: Wallace J, Wouters P ed. Hydrology and Water Law - Bridging the Gap. Water Law & Policy Series. 12. London, IWA. Pp. 297-336.
  • Kilvington M, Peacock S, Fenemor A, Phillips C, McDonald I, Atkinson M, Horn C 2005. Conversations about a river: the first phase of an arts and science collaboration. Peacock S ed. Lincoln, Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research. -54 p.
  • Bowden WB, Fenemor A, Deans N 2004. Integrated water and catchment research for the public good: The Motueka River-Tasman Bay Initiative, New Zealand. International journal of water resources development 20(3): 311-323.
  • Fenemor A, Atkinson M, Peacock S, eds. 2004. Travelling river : a collaboration of artists scientists and the people of the Motueka River catchment. Nelson, Mountains-to-the-Sea Project. -56 p.
  • Richmond C, Froude V, Fenemor A, Zuur B 2004. Management and conservation of natural waters. In: Harding JS, Mosley MP, Pearson CP, Sorrell BK ed. Freshwaters of New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand Hydrological Society and New Zealand Limnological Society. Pp. 44.1-44.19.
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