Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

Distribution and ecology of New Zealand´s fungi

The origins of New Zealand’s fungi are diverse; a few appear to be ancient, whereas many have arrived in geologically more recent times following trans-oceanic dispersal. About one-third of the fungi recorded from New Zealand are likely to have been introduced since human settlement.

The distribution  of fungi within New Zealand, and the factors driving that distribution, remain  poorly understood. This lack of understanding limits our knowledge of the  impacts that environmental change have on fungal diversity, and on the rarity  and threat status of our fungi.

Research projects:

  • Host specialisation as a driver of fungal distribution
    • fungi in Podocarp  forests
    • fungi in Nothofagus forests
  • Impact of environmental disturbance on fungal diversity
    • impact of disease
    • impact of past logging
  • Fungal diversity in restoration sites
  • Invasion of native ecosystems by exotic fungi and movement  of native fungi into agricultural ecosystems
    • invasive exotic fungi
    • ‘invasive’  native fungi
  • Impact of assembly history on  fungal community diversity.
    • Dickie IA, Fukami T, Wilkie JP, Allen RB, Buchanan PK 2012.  Do assembly history effects attenuate from species to ecosystem properties? A  field test with wood-inhabiting fungi. Ecology Letters 15: 133-141.
    • Fukami T, Dickie IA, Wilkie JP, Paulus BC, Park D, Roberts A, Buchanan  PK, Allen RB 2010. Assembly history dictates ecosystem functioning: evidence  from wood decomposer communities. Ecology Letters 13: 675-684.


  • Koele N, Storch F, Hildebrand EE 2011. The coarse-soil fraction is the main living space of fungal hyphae in the BhBs horizon of a Podzol. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 174(5): 750-753.
  • Orwin KH, Kirschbaum MUF, St John MG, Dickie IA 2011. Organic nutrient uptake by mycorrhizal fungi enhances ecosystem carbon storage: a model-based assessment. Ecology letters 14(5): 493-502.
  • Johnston PR 2010. Causes and consequences of changes to New Zealand's fungal biota. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 34(1): 175-184.
  • Johnston PR, Park D, Manning MA 2010. Neobulgaria alba sp. nov. and its Phialophora-like anamorph in native forests and kiwifruit orchards in New Zealand. Mycotaxon 113: 385-396.
  • Fukami T, Dickie IA, Wilkie JP, Paulus BC, Park D, Roberts A, Buchanan PK, Allen RB 2010. Assembly history dictates ecosystem functioning: evidence from wood decomposer communities. Ecology letters 13(6): 675-684.
  • Clinton PW, Buchanan PK, Wilkie JP, Smaill SJ, Kimberley MO 2009. Decomposition of Nothofagus wood in vitro and nutrient mobilization by fungi. Canadian journal of forest research 39: 2193-2202.
  • Pearson MN, Beever RE, Boine B, Arthur K 2009. Mycoviruses of filamentous fungi and their relevance to plant pathology. Molecular Plant Pathology 10(1): 115-128.
  • Kodsueb R, McKenzie EHC, Lumyong S, Hyde KD 2008. Diversity of saprobic fungi on Magnoliaceae. Fungal diversity 30(May): 37-54.
  • Lumbsch HT, Buchanan PK, May TW, Mueller GM 2008. Phylogeography and biogeography of fungi. Mycological research 112: 423-424.
All Publications