Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

Ecosystem services

Ecosystem services:  the benefits that humans receive from nature

Since the publication of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2005, researchers and policymakers alike have been trying to address the issues surrounding ecosystem goods and services (henceforth ecosystem services), and specifically how they should be managed.

At Landcare Research, we are undertaking specific, detailed ecosystem services research through two multi-disciplinary research projects.

Ecosystem services for multiple outcomes is a 4 year programme which involves the characterisation and mapping of ecosystems in New Zealand, as well as suggestions for how these should be dealt with and implemented at a policy level.

Managing for multiple ecosystem services uses current information on the state of ecosystem services to assess potential and actual trade-off in the management of these services. These trade-offs are being further explored with the use of two catchment scale case studies from the Manuwatu and Canterbury.


  • Dymond JR, Shepherd JD, Newsome PF, Gapare N, Burgess DW, Watt P 2012. Remote sensing of land-use change for Kyoto Protocol reporting: the New Zealand case. Environmental science & policy 16: 1-8. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000301217000001
  • Dymond JR, Ausseil A-GE, Ekanayake JC, Kirschbaum MUF 2012. Tradeoffs between soil, water, and carbon – A national scale analysis from New Zealand. Journal of Environmental Management 95(1): 124-131.
  • Dymond JR, De Rose R 2011. Modelling landscape evolution in the Waipaoa catchment, New Zealand - A phenomenalogical approach. Geomorphology 132(1-2): 29-34. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000292672100003
  • Fenemor A, Phillips C, Allen W, Young RG, Harmsworth G, Bowden B, Basher L, Gillespie PA, Kilvington M, Davies-Colley R, Dymond J, Cole A, Lauder G, Davie T, Smith R, Markham S, Deans N, Stuart B, Atkinson M, Collins A 2011. Integrated catchment management - interweaving social process and science knowledge. New Zealand journal of marine and freshwater research 45(3): 313-331.
  • Herzig A, Dymond JR, Marden M 2011. A gully-complex model for assessing gully stabilisation strategies. Geomorphology 133(2): 23-33.
  • Dymond JR, Davie TJA, Fenemor AD, Ekanayake JC, Knight BR, Cole AO, Munguia OMD, Allen WJ, Young RG, Basher LR, Dresser M, Batstone CJ 2010. Integrating environmental and socio-economic indicators of a linked catchment-coastal system using variable environmental intensity. Environmental management 46(3): 484-493.
  • Dymond JR 2010. Soil erosion in New Zealand is a net sink of CO2. Earth surface processes and landforms 35(15): 1763-1772.
  • Dymond JR, Betts HD, Schierlitz CF 2010. An erosion model for evaluating regional land-use scenarios. Environmental modelling & software 25: 289-298.
  • Dymond JR, Ausseil AGE, Overton JM 2008. A landscape approach for estimating the conservation value of sites and site-based projects, with examples from New Zealand. Ecological Economics 66(2-3): 275-281.
  • Dymond JR, Shepherd JD, Arnold GC, Trotter CM 2008. Estimating area of forest change by random sampling of change strata mapped using satellite imagery. Forest Science 54(5): 475-480.
  • Fenemor A, Deans NA, Davie T, Allen W, Dymond JR, Kilvington M, Phillips C, Basher L, Gillespie P, Young R, Sinner J, Harmsworth G, Atkinson M, Smith R 2008. Collaboration and modelling - tools for integration in the Motueka catchment, New Zealand. Water S.A. 34(4): 448-455.
  • Andrew RM, Dymond JR 2007. A distributed model of water balance in the Motueka catchment, New Zealand. Environmental modelling and software 22(10): 1519-1528.
  • Ausseil AGE, Dymond JR, Shepherd JD 2007. Rapid mapping and prioritisation of wetland sites in the Manawatu-Wanganui Region, New Zealand. Environmental management 39(3): 316-325.
  • Dymond JR, Ausseil AG, Shepherd JD, Janssen H 2007. A landscape approach for assessing the biodiversity value of indigenous forest remnants: Case study of the Manawatu/Wanganui region of New Zealand. Ecological economics 64(1): 82-91.
  • Shepherd JD, Dymond JR, Cuff JRI 2007. Monitoring scrub weed change in the Canterbury region using satellite imagery. New Zealand plant protection 60: 137-140.
  • Dymond JR, Ausseil AG, Shepherd JD, Buettner L 2006. Validation of a region-wide model of landslide susceptibility in the Manawatu-Wanganui region of New Zealand. Geomorphology 74(1-4): 70-.
  • Dymond JR, Shepherd JD, Clark H, Litherland A 2006. Use of VEGETATION satellite imagery to map pasture quality for input to a methane budget of New Zealand. International journal of remote sensing 27(5-6): 1261-.
  • Dymond JR, Shepherd JD 2004/3/15. The spatial distribution of indigenous forest and its composition in the Wellington region, New Zealand, from ETM+ satellite imagery. Remote sensing of environment 90(1): 116-125.
  • Dymond JR, Bégue A, Loseen D 2001. Monitoring land at regional and national scales and the role of remote sensing. International journal of applied earth observation and geoinformation 3(2): 162-.
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