Polypedilum is a commonly occurring member of the Chironomini subfamily of chironomid midges. Like other chironomids the general body form is worm-like, but with a distinct head, and with paired prolegs under the head and at the end of the abdomen. Polypedilum may be red when live or pale when preserved. The eyes are split into two barely-separated parts, one above the other (often in a figure “8” arrangement).
Polypedilum larvae are found in hard and soft bottom, bush covered and farmland streams. They often burrow into soft plant matter.
They are collector-gatherers feeding on fine organic matter including streambed algae.
Polypedilum larvae are found in streams of widely varying water quality. They are therefore not likely to be good indicators of water quality. They have wide ranging tolerance values of 3 (hard bottom sites) and 8.0 (soft bottom sites).