Austronella mayfly nymphs have a flattened body form, with generally pale colouring, and slender double gills. The prothorax (segment immediately behind the head) widens towards the head.
Austronella is one of the less commonly recorded mayflies, but their larvae are found in weed bed or stony stream habitats.
Leptophlebiid mayflies feed by scraping diatom algae and other organic matter from stone or plant surfaces.
Austronella larvae can be common in weedy streams with only moderate water quality, so they are not a strong indicator of pristine conditions. They have tolerance values of 7 (hard bottom sites) and 4.7 (soft bottom sites).