Tweet this page Like this page Email this page Share this page Home» Resources » Identification » Animals » Freshwater invertebrates guide » Identification guide » Jointed legs » Insects and springtails » Damselflies and dragonflies » Red damselfly Guide to New Zealand's freshwater invertebrates Red damselfly ( Coenagrionidae : Xanthocnemis ) Pointed tail gills with long hairs Diagnostic features Xanthocnemis damselfly larvae are easily distinguished by the pointed tail gills with long hairs near the tip. Typical habitats Xanthocnemis larvae occur in stony and weedy streams and ponds throughout New Zealand. The adults are the distinctive red damselflies often seen flying amongst stream-side vegetation. Feeding They are predators, often waiting for unsuspecting invertebrate prey swimming or crawling though weed beds. Indicator value Xanthocnemis are not useful indicators of water quality as they are common in both polluted and unpolluted waters. They have tolerance values of 5 (hard bottom sites) and 1.2 (soft bottom sites).