Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

FNZ 69 - Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): synopsis of species - Abstract

Larochelle, A; Larivière, M-C 2013. Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): synopsis of species, Cicindelinae to Trechinae (in part). Fauna of New Zealand 69, 193 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ISSN 1179-7193 (online) ; no. 69. ISBN 978-0-478-34738-8 (print) , ISBN 978-0-478-34739-5 (online) ). Published 7 Mar 2013
ZooBank: http://zoobank.org/References/E5F2CF9A-BC6D-47C1-A3EC-A948CB58ECC7

Abstract

A synopsis of 134 species and subspecies of New Zealand Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) belonging to the subfamilies Cicindelinae (Cicindelini), Carabinae (Pamborini), Migadopinae (Amarotypini, Migadopini), Scaritinae (Clivinini, Rhysodini), and Trechinae (Moriomorphini, Trechini), is presented. This follows the publication of a synopsis of supraspecific taxa by Larochelle & Larivière (2007, Fauna of New Zealand 60).

This taxonomic overview takes the form of identification guides for taxonomically well-known groups (Amarotypini, Migadopini, Clivinini, Rhysodini, Moriomorphini in part – Mecyclothorax Sharp 1903, Meonochilus Liebherr & Marris 2009, Rossjoycea Liebherr 2011, and Trechini). For lesser-known groups, more detailed taxonomic reviews (Pamborini, Cicindelini) or revisions (Moriomorphini in part – Selenochilus Chaudoir 1878, Molopsida White 1846, Tarastethus Sharp 1883, Trichopsida new genus) are provided. References, habitus photos, and distributional maps are included for all taxa. Descriptions, identification keys, habitus photos, and distributional information are given in reviews and revisions. Information on ecology, biology, and dispersal power is also included in revisions.

Two genera and 16 species are described as new: Zecicindela new genus (type species: Cicindela feredayi Bates, 1867); Trichopsida new genus (type species: Tropopterus oxygonus Broun, 1886); Neocicindela garnerae new species; Selenochilus hinewai new species; Selenochilus hutchisonae new species; Selenochilus omalleyi new species; Molopsida lindrothi new species; Tarastethus sirvidi new species; Trichopsida boltoni new species; Trichopsida erwini new species; Trichopsida goethei new species; Trichopsida hewitti new species; Trichopsida koyai new species; Trichopsida maudensis new species; Trichopsida nitida new species; Trichopsida nunni new species; Trichopsida paturauensis new species; and Trichopsida popei new species.

The taxonomic status of seven taxa is reinstated (valid names listed after equal sign): Cicindela (Neocicindela Rivalier, 1963) = Neocicindela Rivalier, 1963; Tarastethus Sharp, 1883 (previously synonymised with Molopsida White, 1846, type species Tarastethus puncticollis Sharp, 1883); Molopsida alpinalis (Broun, 1893) = Tarastethus alpinalis Broun, 1893; Molopsida convexa (Broun, 1917) = Tarastethus convexus Broun, 1917; Molopsida puncticollis (Sharp, 1883) = Tarastethus puncticollis Sharp, 1883; Molopsida simulans (Broun, 1894) = Tarastethus simulans Broun, 1894; and Molopsida southlandica (Broun, 1908) = Tarastethus southlandicus Broun, 1908.

Twenty new combinations are established including nine changes in taxonomic status (valid names listed after equal sign): Neocicindela hamiltoni (Broun, 1921) = Zecicindela hamiltoni (Broun, 1921); Neocicindela novaseelandica (Horn, 1892) = Zecicindela helmsi novaseelandica (Horn, 1892); Cicindela halli Broun, 1917 = Zecicindela helmsi halli (Broun, 1917); Cicindela circumpictoides Horn, 1900 = Zecicindela helmsi circumpictoides (Horn, 1900); Neocicindela helmsi (Sharp, 1886) = Zecicindela helmsi helmsi (Sharp, 1886); Neocicindela feredayi (Bates, 1867) = Zecicindela feredayi (Bates, 1867); Neocicindela austromontana (Bates, 1878) = Zecicindela austromontana (Bates, 1878); Neocicindela perhispida giveni Brouerius van Nidek, 1965 = Zecicindela giveni (Brouerius van Nidek, 1965); Neocicindela perhispida savilli Wiesner, 1988 = Zecicindela savilli (Wiesner, 1988); Neocicindela brevilunata (Horn, 1926) = Zecicindela brevilunata (Horn, 1926); Neocicindela perhispida campbelli (Broun, 1886) = Zecicindela campbelli (Broun, 1886); Neocicindela perhispida perhispida (Broun, 1880) = Zecicindela perhispida (Broun, 1880); Molopsida debilis (Sharp, 1886) = Trichopsida debilis (Sharp, 1886); Molopsida diversa (Broun, 1917) = Trichopsida diversa (Broun, 1917); Molopsida optata (Broun, 1917) = Trichopsida optata (Broun, 1917); Molopsida oxygona (Broun, 1886) = Trichopsida oxygona (Broun, 1886); Molopsida pretiosa (Broun, 1910) = Trichopsida pretiosa (Broun, 1910); Molopsida propinqua (Broun, 1917) = Trichopsida propinqua (Broun, 1917); Molopsida robusta (Broun, 1921) = Trichopsida robusta (Broun, 1921); and Molopsida simplex (Broun, 1903) = Trichopsida simplex (Broun, 1903).

Thirteen new synonymies are established (valid names listed after equal sign): Sympiestus fallax Broun, 1893 and Sympiestus frontalis Broun, 1917 = Selenochilus syntheticus (Sharp, 1886); Tropopterus sulcicollis Bates, 1874 and Tropopterus marginalis Broun, 1882 = Molopsida antarctica (Laporte de Castelnau, 1867); Tarastethus carbonarius Broun, 1908 = Molopsida polita White, 1846; Tarastethus phyllocharis Broun, 1912, Tarastethus fuscipes Broun, 1923, and Tarastethus insularis Broun, 1923 = Molopsida seriatoporus (Bates, 1874); Tarastethus dubius Broun, 1894 = Molopsida strenua (Broun, 1894); Tarastethus fovealis Broun, 1917 = Tarastethus southlandicus Broun, 1908; Tarastethus longulus Broun, 1917 = Trichopsida debilis (Sharp, 1886); Tarastethus halli Broun, 1917 = Trichopsida diversa (Broun, 1917); and Tarastethus cinctus Broun, 1893 = Trichopsida oxygona (Broun, 1886).

The species Carabus nemoralis O. F. Müller, 1764 is deleted from the New Zealand fauna. The Rhysodini (four genera, six species) are catalogued as a carabid tribe for the first time in the New Zealand literature.

An updated checklist of the New Zealand Carabidae fauna, known from 7 subfamilies, 20 tribes, 97 genera, 518 species, and 18 subspecies, is also provided.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Carabidae, New Zealand, synopsis of species, keys, classification, distribution, ecology, checklist, fauna.