FNZ 43 - Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) catalogue - Abstract
Larochelle, A; Larivière, M-C 2001. Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): catalogue. Fauna of New Zealand 43, 285 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ; no. 43. ISBN 0-478-09342-X (print) ). Published 15 Jun 2001
The species-group names of all New Zealand Carabidae (including Cicindelini) are catalogued with distribution records and information on ecology, biology, and dispersal power. Valid names are listed in their current and original combinations with the author(s), publication date, page citation, and type locality; synonyms are given in their original combinations; other existing combinations are also provided. Genus-group names are listed with the author(s), publication date, page citation, and type species (including method of fixation). The catalogue is arranged phylogenetically by subfamilies, divisions, tribes, and subtribes. Genus- and species-group names are listed alphabetically within these categories. The most important references dealing with taxonomy (including keys and revisions), distribution, ecology, biology, and dispersal power, are provided as appropriate.
The catalogue also includes a bibliography of all original descriptions and of most important references consulted, a habitus illustration of one representative of each tribe, maps showing species distribution, patterns of taxonomic diversity and of species endemism, and also a full taxonomic index. Finally, a number of appendices are provided: a glossary of technical terms, a list of nomina nuda, a list of unjustified emendations, a synopsis of species incorrectly or doubtfully recorded, a synopsis of species deliberately introduced, geographical coordinates of type localities, and alphabetical lists of species by areas.
The composition of the New Zealand carabid fauna (5 subfamilies, 20 tribes, 78 genera, 424 species, and 14 subspecies) and its affinities with Australia, New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, and Norfolk Island are analysed and discussed. It is estimated that, once described, the fauna will attain approximately 600 species. Endemism is high with 92% (391) of species and 58% (46) of genera currently recognised as being endemic and the fauna shows greatest affinity to that of eastern Australia. Forty-three (43) species have been incorrectly or doubtfully recorded from New Zealand.
The following nomenclatural changes are proposed and discussed: Agonocheila antipodum (Bates, 1867) for Agonocheila binotata (Blanchard, 1842); Anchomenus integratus Broun, 1908 for Agonum integratum (Broun, 1908); Anchomenus otagoensis Bates, 1878 for Platynus otagoensis (Bates, 1878); Anchomenus punctulatus Broun, 1877 for Agonum punctulatum (Broun, 1877); Anchomenus sulcitarsis Broun, 1880 for Agonum sulcitarse (Broun, 1880); Cicindela (Neocicindela) for Neocicindela Rivalier, 1963 (14 taxa); Ctenognathus montivagus (Broun, 1880) for Ctenognathus latipennis Sharp, 1886; Dicrochile whitei (Csiki, 1931) for Dicrochile atrata (Blanchard, 1842); Holcaspis sternalis (Broun, 1881) for Holcaspis punctigera (Broun, 1882); Māoritrechus rangitotoensis Brookes, 1932 for Temnostega rangitotoensis (Brookes, 1932); Mecyclothorax anplipennis amplipennis (Broun, 1912) for Molopsida amplipennis amplipennis (Broun, 1912); Mecyclothorax amplipennis labralis (Broun, 1912) for Molopsida amplipennis labralis (Broun, 1912); Mecyclothorax eplicatus (Broun, 1923) for Molopsida eplicata (Broun, 1923); Megadromus (Megadromus) asperatus (Broun, 1886) for Trichosternus (Megadromus) asperatus Broun, 1886; Megadromus (Megadromus) curtulus (Broun, 1884) for Megadromus optabilis (Broun, 1893); Megadromus (Megadromus) guerinii (Chaudoir, 1865) for Megadromus australasiae (Guérin-Méneville, 1841); Oopterus suavis Broun, 1917 for Pseudoopterus suavis (Broun, 1917); Platynus macropterus (Chaudoir, 1879) for Colpodes macropterus Chaudoir, 1879; Taenarthrus capito (Jeannel, 1938) for Loxomerus (Pristancylus) capito Jeannel, 1938; Taenarthrus philpotti Broun, 1914 for Loxomerus philpotti (Broun, 1914); Zolus ocularius Broun, 1917 for Oopterus ocularius (Broun, 1917); and Zolus subopacus Broun, 1915 for Oopterus subopacus (Broun, 1915).
Aulacopodus brouni (Csiki, 1930) is removed from synonymy with Aulacopodus puella (Chaudoir, 1865); Holcaspis thoracica Broun, 1881 is here considered a synonym of Holcaspis placida Broun, 1881.
One new synonym is established: Anchomenus haastii Broun, 1882 is synonymised with Platynus macropterus (Chaudoir, 1879).
The type species (listed in parentheses) of the following genus-group taxa are designated for the first time: Dicrochile Guérin-Méneville, 1846 (Dicrochile anchomenoides Guérin-Méneville, 1846); Pseudoopterus Csiki, 1928 (Oopterus plicaticollis Blanchard, 1843); Zabronothus Broun, 1893 (Zabronothus striatulus Broun, 1893).
A first record is given for New Zealand: Perigona nigriceps (Dejean, 1831) from Auckland.
In general, species are nocturnal and live in forested areas and tussock grasslands. They usually live within the confines of their natural habitats, but about 50 species also live in pine tree plantations neighbouring native forests. Larval biology is almost unknown and only 14 species have been described. Parental care by the female has been observed in 11 species of Pterostichini. Major predators of ground-beetles are starlings, kiwis, spiders, and hedgehogs. Major parasites are mites, Laboulbeniale fungi, and nematodes; these have been recorded for 137, 48, and 5 carabid species respectively.
Most species are flightless and moderate runners. A number of defense mechanisms have been observed: cryptic coloration, death feigning, biting strongly when seized, dropping to the ground, and diving into water when approached.
Keywords. Coleoptera, Carabidae, New Zealand, catalogue, classification, distribution, ecology, biology, dispersal power, species endemism, fauna.