FNZ 42 - Aphodiinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) - Abstract
Stebnicka, ZT 2001. Aphodiinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Fauna of New Zealand 42, 64 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ; no. 42. ISBN 0-478-09341-1 (print) ). Published 15 Jun 2001
The Aphodiinae of New Zealand are comprehensively revised for the first time and their relationships are discussed. Twenty species in 4 tribes and 9 genera are recognised. Two new species are described (Saprosites kingsensis, Saprosites watti), and 2 new synonymies are proposed (Ataenius macilentus Blackburn, 1904 = A. brouni (Sharp, 1876); Saprosites candens (Broun, 1880) = S. distans (Sharp, 1876)). Eleven of the 20 species are introduced, 6 of them originating in Australia, 2 in America, and 1 in Africa; the other 2 are cosmopolitan anthropogenic species of European origin. Members of the genus Saprosites Redtenbacher are endemic to New Zealand, except for 1 Australian species. The species of Phycocus and Tesarius are indigenous to both New Zealand and Tasmania. The morphology and diagnostic characters of aphodiines are reviewed and illustrated in detail. A key is given for the tribes, genera, and species known from New Zealand. The biological associations, known seasonality, and geographic distribution of the species are summarised, with maps indicating locality records. The distributions of the indigenous species and their systematic affinities suggest a Gondwanan origin.
Keywords. Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae, New Zealand, taxonomy, classification, key, new species, new synonymy, distribution, ecology, biology, dispersal power, species endemism, fauna.