Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

FNZ 37 - Coleoptera (Insecta) - Abstract

Klimaszewski, J; Watt, JC 1997. Coleoptera: family-group review and keys to identification. Fauna of New Zealand 37, 199 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ; no. 37. ISBN 0-478-09312-8 (print) ). Published 15 Aug 1997


The 82 beetle families represented in New Zealand are reviewed. These families are briefly characterised in the phylogenetic order proposed by Lawrence & Newton (1995)1, with family concepts similar to those defined by these authors and by Pakaluk et al. (1994)2.

A general introduction to the New Zealand beetle fauna is given, and collecting methods are briefly discussed, and core literature is reviewed. Two alternative keys - pyramidal and linear - are provided for identification of the families, using often different character sets. Morphological features are explained, and many are illustrated. Estimated numbers of species, genera, and (where appropriate) tribes and subfamilies are given. Known distributions are discussed, and data on natural history and collecting are summarised. For each family at least one species is represented by a habitus illustration, short description, and geographic profile, and important references are listed.

Keys are provided to subfamilies of Carabidae, Leiodidae, Staphylinidae, Trogossitidae, Phloeostichidae, Scarabaeidae, Cerambycidae, Chrysomelidae, Anthribidae, Belidae, Brentidae, and Curculionidae; for some other families a substantive publication containing a key is cited.

Some 1100 currently recognised genera are recorded for New Zealand, and approximately 5580 species (>5223 native, >356 adventive) are recognised, including undescribed species housed in the New Zealand Arthropod Collection. One endemic family, Chalcodryidae, and four endemic subfamilies - Horelophinae (Hydrophilidae), Euderinae (Bostrichidae), Agapythinae (Phloeostichidae), and Cyclaxirinae (Phalacridae) - are reported. An undescribed species of Platisus from the Three Kings Islands is the only representative of the family Cucujidae in New Zealand.

1 Families and subfamilies of Coleoptera (with selected genera, notes, references and data on family-group names). In: J. Pakaluk & A. Slipinski (eds), Biology, phylogeny and classification of Coleoptera: papers celebrating the 80th birthday of Roy Crowson. Warszawa, Museum i Instytut Zoologii PAN. Pp. 779 1006.

2 Current classification and family-group names in Cucujoidea (Coleoptera). Genus 5(4): 223 268.