FNZ 32 - Sphecidae (Hymenoptera) - Abstract
Harris, AC 1994. Sphecidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Fauna of New Zealand 32, 112 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ; no. 32. ISBN 0-478-04534-4 (print) ). Published 07 Oct 1994
Eighteen species of Sphecidae in the genera Podalonia Fernald, Spilomena Shuckard, Tachysphex Kohl, Pison Jurine, Rhopalum Stephens, Podagritus Spinola, and Argogorytes Ashmead are recognised from New Zealand. Three new species are described: Spilomena earlyi, Podagritus digyalos, and Podagritus chambersi. Nests and adults of five species of Sceliphron Klug are repeatedly encountered in New Zealand but are not established. Descriptions of larvae are given for some species, revealing distinctive characters in the genera Argogorytes and Spilomena. Keys are provided for all established species, and details (mostly new) are provided on life history and nesting behaviour for all species. The Crabroninae include species that prey on Lepidoptera, Psocoptera, Hemiptera, Trichoptera, Plecoptera, Ephemeroptera, and Coleoptera (exclusively, one species) in addition to Diptera, their most frequently recorded prey. Extensive prey records are given.