FNZ 30 - Hepialidae (Lepidoptera) - Abstract
Dugdale, JS 1994. Hepialidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Fauna of New Zealand 30, 164 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ; no. 30. ISBN 0-478-04524-7 (print) ). Published 01 Mar 1994
New Zealand's ghost moths and porina moths are revised. Seven genera are recognised: Aenetus, Aoraia, Cladoxycanus, Dioxycanus, Dumbletonius, Heloxycanus new genus, and Wiseana. Twenty-seven species are recognised, of which Aoraia aspina, A. flavida, A. hespera, A. insularis, A. lenis, A. macropis, A. oreobolae, A. orientalis, A. rufivena, and Heloxycanus patricki are new. Dumbletonius sylvicola Dugdale, 1988 is reduced to synonymy with D. unimaculatus (Salmon, 1948). Morphology of adult, pupa, larva, and male genital musculature is reviewed, along with relationships and biology, including phenology and biotopes. Keys to taxa are given for all life stages authenticated to species, and each genus and species is defined. Habitus and structures are illustrated for each species, and distributions are mapped. Four lineages are represented : Aenetus, shared with Australia; Aoraia and Cladoxycanus, two unrelated terminal taxa; and the 'Oxycanus' group, or porina moths, with an Australian sister-group. Wiseana includes significant pasture pests, and recognition of species has been supported by electrophoretic studies conducted elsewhere; W. fuliginea has been 'rediscovered' through these studies.