Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

FNZ 3 - Anthribidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) - Abstract

Holloway, BA 1982. Anthribidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Fauna of New Zealand 3, 272 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ; no. 03. ISBN 0-477-06703-4 (print) ). Published 23 Dec 1982
ZooBank: http://zoobank.org/References/AC1DC576-5021-40DE-9BD7-0F7C591C6521

Abstract

The morphology of New Zealand's Anthribidae is discussed and illustrated. All the previously known genera and species are redescribed, and morphological structures, including male and female genitalia, are figured for every species. The composition and relationships of the anthribid fauna are discussed, and the known distribution of species in the New Zealand subregion is summarised and mapped. Habitats of adults and larvae, flightlessness, life cycles, seasonal occurrence, host plants of larvae, and foods of adults are discussed in general terms and in detail under each species. Keys for the identification of subfamilies, genera, and species are provided.

Fifty-eight endemic species, 2 adventive species, and 1 commonly intercepted species are recognised. They belong in 28 genera, of which 18 are described as new: Anthribinae - Androporus, Caliobius, Cerius, Dasyanthribus, Garyus, Gynarchaeus, Helmoreus, Hoherius, Hoplorhaphus, Isanthribus, Lophus, Phymatus, Pleosporius, Sharpius, Tribasileus; Choraginae - Liromus, Micranthribus, Notochoragus.

Thirteen new species are described: Anthribinae - Caliobius littoralis, Cerius otagensis, C. triregius, Hoplorhaphus nodifer, Isanthribus dracophylli, I. phormii, Lichenobius maritimus, Sharpius chathamensis, Tribasileus noctivagus; Choraginae - Dysnocryptus balthasar, D. gaspar, D. melchior, Notochoragus chathamensis.

The genus Lawsonia Sharp, 1873 is reinstated from synonymy. The Australian genus Doticus Pascoe, 1882 is synonymised under Araecerus Schoenherr, 1823. The new name Perroudius is proposed for the New Caledonian genus Tetragonopterus Perroud, 1864; the latter name is preoccupied by Cuvier, 1817 for a genus of fishes.

The following 29 new combinations are proposed. Anthribinae - Androporus discedens (Sharp, 1876); Cacephatus vates (Sharp, 1876); Dasyanthribus purpureus (Broun, 1880); Etnalis obtusus (Sharp, 1886); Garyus altus (Sharp, 1876); Gynarchaeus ornatus (Sharp, 1876); Helmoreus sharpi (Broun, 1880); Hoherius meinertzhageni (Broun, 1880); Hoplorhaphus spinifer (Sharp, 1876); Isanthribus proximus (Broun, 1880); Lophus cristatellus (Broun, 1911); L. lewisi (Broun, 1909); L. rudis (Sharp, 1876); Phymatus cucullatus (Sharp, 1886); P. hetaera (Sharp, 1876); P. phymatodes (Redtenbacher, 1868); Pleosporius bullatus (Sharp, 1876); Sharpius brouni (Sharp, 1876); S. imitarius (Broun, 1914); S. sandageri (Broun, 1893); S. venustus (Broun, 1914). Choraginae - Araecerus palmaris (Pascoe, 1882); Dysnocryptus pilicornis (Broun, 1911); Liromus pardalis (Pascoe, 1876); Micranthribus atomus (Sharp, 1876); Notochoragus crassus (Sharp, 1876); N. fungicola (Broun, 1893); N. nanus (Sharp, 1876); N. thoracicus (Broun, 1893).

Forty-three species names are reduced to synonymy, as follows (the junior synonym first). Anthribinae - albiceps Broun, 1914 = sharpi Broun, 1880; albifrons Sharp, 1886 = meinertzhageni Broun, 1880; anguliceps Broun, 1910 = bullatus Sharp, 1876; anxius Broun, 1893 = vates Sharp, 1876; aspersus Broun, 1893 = incertus White, 1846; brunneus Broun, 1893 = incertus White, 1846; concolor Sharp, 1886 = inornatus Sharp, 1886; cornutellus Broun, 1913 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; curvatus Broun, 1893 = inornatus Sharp, 1886; decens Broun, 1893 = hetaera Sharp, 1876; deterius Broun, 1893 = discedens Sharp, 1876; finitimus Broun, 1893 = hetaera Sharp, 1876; flavipilus Broun, 1895 = incertus White, 1846; fuscopictus Broun, 1880 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; halli Broun, 1921 = lewisi Broun, 1909; impar Broun, 1893 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; laetabilis Broun, 1893 = discedens Sharp, 1876; lanuginosus Broun, 1880 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; levinensis Broun, 1913 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; longicornis Sharp, 1873 = variabilis Sharp, 1873; maurus Broun, 1910 = bullatus Sharp, 1876; nigrescens Broun, 1881 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; nigrofasciatus Broun, 1893 = vates Sharp, 1876; obscurus Broun, 1913 = discedens Sharp, 1876; obsoletus Broun, 1893 = sandageri Broun, 1893; philpotti Broun, 1909 = cucullatus Sharp, 1886; picipictus Broun, 1881 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; pictipes Broun, 1893 = conulus Broun, 1880; rugifer Broun, 1910 = bullatus Sharp, 1876; signatus Broun, 1893 = meinertzhageni Broun, 1880; suspectus Broun, 1910 = bullatus Sharp, 1876; sylvanus Broun, 1913 = proximus Broun, 1880; tessellatus Broun, 1893 = incertus White, 1846; torulosus Broun, 1881 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; tuberosus Sharp, 1886 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868; turneri Broun, 1913 = conulus Broun, 1880; viridescens Broun, 1893 = meinertzhageni Broun, 1880; wairirensis Broun, 1913 = phymatodes Redtenbacher, 1868. Choraginae - minor Broun, 1893 = crassus Sharp, 1876; nigricans Broun, 1893 = rugosus Sharp, 1876; plagiatus Broun, 1893 = rugosus Sharp, 1876; setigerus Broun, 1921 = pallidus Broun, 1893; testaceus Broun, 1893 = inflatus Sharp, 1876.

The following generic names are deleted from combinations with endemic New Zealand species: Anthribisomus Perroud, 1864; Anthribus O. F. Mūller, 1764; Araecerus Schoenherr, 1823; Brachytarsus Schoenherr, 1823; Cratoparis Schoenherr, 1839; Exillis Pascoe, 1860; Plintheria Pascoe, 1859; Proscoporhinus Montrouzier, 1860; Xenocerus Schoenherr, 1833.

The following 4 species are deleted from the New Zealand fauna: Araecerus greenwoodi Jordan, 1924; A. nitidus Jordan, 1924; Plesiobasis externa Wolfrum, 1959; Proscopus liber Wolfrum, 1959.