In this section
To assess the effects of contaminants we usein vitro assays, and whole organism testing. Our in vitro toxicity assays use various cell-lines or bacterial strains to look at different mechanisms of toxicity. They can be applied to any environmental matrix, although our focus is largely soil and air. Our whole organism testing uses soil or aquatic invertebrates (eg earthworms, springtails, mayflies). Much of our other research on the fate and remediation of contaminants is focussed on the soil environment (urban and agricultural) recognising that landuse is the primary source of contamination in aquatic systems.
We collaborate with a range of research providers including NIWA, CRL Energy, Agresearch, Plant and Food, University of Canterbury, University of Otago.
We have a strong enduser focus and we work with the mining industry, agricultural sector, regional councils, Ministry for the Environment, Ministry for Primary Industry, Department of Conservation on application in a regulatory environment. Some current areas of research include:
- The beneficial use of biosolids. We are investigating the impacts of contaminants associated with biosolids using in vitro toxicity testing, and earthworm testing to identify the key contaminants of concern. Additionally, we are working with enduser to develop a framework to facilitate the beneficial use of biosolids. This research is undertaken as part of a research programme led by ESR, in collaboration with Landcare Research, Cawthron, Lincoln University.
- Impacts of mining. We are investigating the effect of mining related contaminants on aquatic systems, and have developed a framework for decision-making process to prevent or minimise the impacts of mining on aquatic systems in conjunction with endusers. This research is led by CRL Energy, in collaboration with Landcare Research, University of Otago and University of Canterbury. We also have extensive experience in the rehabilitation of mine sites that is largely undertaken through commercial contracts.
- Air quality. We are currently investigating the toxicity associated with particulate matter – this includes ambient air particulates, and particulates from different sources, including woodburner emissions. Out interest is in the influence of chemical composition on observed toxicity. This research is largely conducted as part of a research programme led by NIWA in collaboration with University of Canterbury.
- Mitigation of contaminants in urban systems. This research is examining the use of bioretention devices (eg raingardens, green roofs) to reduce contaminant concentrations in stormwater.
- Contaminants in wildlife. We are currently investigating the distribution of persistent organic pollutants in bird species to develop better understanding of the distribution of these contaminants in the New Zealand environment.
- Impacts of contaminants in agricultural systems. Our current focus is examining the distribution and effects of cadmium associated with fertiliser application.
Cavanagh JAE, Trought K, Brown L, Duggan S 2009. Exploratory investigation of the chemical characteristics and relative toxicity of ambient air particulates from two New Zealand cities. Science of the total environment 407(18): 5007-5018. CABI:20093230911.
Cavanagh JAE, Zawar-Reza P, Wilson JG 2009. Spatial attenuation of ambient particulate matter air pollution within an urbanised native forest patch. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 8(1): 21-30.
Cavanagh J-A, Trought K, Brown L 2009. Chemical composition of particulates emitted from individual sources compared with ambient air particulates. Proceedings: 19th International Clean Air and Environment Conference Perth Convention Exhibition Centre, Perth, W.A., 6-9 September, 2009. Pp. [CDROM].
Cavanagh J-A, Trought K, Brown L 2009. Relative toxicity of particulates emitted from individual sources and ambient air particulates. Proceedings: 19th International Clean Air and Environment Conference Perth Convention Exhibition Centre, Perth, W.A., 6-9 September, 2009. Pp. [CDROM].
Epton MJ, Dawson RD, Brooks WM, Kingham S, Aberkane T, Cavanagh JAE, Frampton CM, Hewitt T, Cook JM, McLeod S, McCartin F, Trought K, Brown L 2008. The effect of ambient air pollution on respiratory health of school children: a panel study - art. no. 16. Environmental Health 7: 16-16.