Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

Jamie Wood

Jamie Wood
Position: Researcher
Team: Ecosystems & Global Change
Location: Lincoln
P.O. Box 69040
Lincoln 7640
Phone: +64 3 321 9653
Fax: +64 3 321 9998

Contact Jamie

Research Interests

Research Interests

ancient DNA, environmental DNA, extinctions, molecular ecology, palaeoecology, palynology, phylogenetics

Google Scholar

Journal articles

75. Minoshima YN, Seidel M, Wood JR, Leschen RAB, Gunter NL, Fikáček M (In press) Morphology and biology of the flower-visiting water scavenger beetle genus Rygmodus (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Entomological Science.

74. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, McGlone MS (In press) Two new Holocene vegetation records from the margins of the Canterbury Plains, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42.

73. Wood JR (2018) DNA barcoding of ancient parasites. Parasitology 145: 646-655.

72. Mendez V, Wood JR, Butler SJ (2018) Resource diversity and provenance underpin spatial patterns in functional diversity across native and exotic species. Ecology and Evolution 8: 4409-4421.

71. Carpenter J, Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Kelly D (2018) An avian seed dispersal paradox: New Zealand’s extinct megafaunal birds did not disperse large seeds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 285: 20180352.

70. Cole TL, Wood JR. (2018) The ancient DNA revolution: the latest era in unearthing New Zealand’s faunal history. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 45: 91-120.

69. Boast AP, Weyrich LS, Wood JR, Metcalf JL, Knight R, Cooper A (2018) Coprolites reveal ecological interactions lost with the extinction of New Zealand birds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 115: 1546-1551.

68. Zale R, Huang Y-T, Bigler C, Wood JR, Dalén L, Wang X-R, Segerström U, Klaminder J (2018) Growth of Plants on the Late Weichselian Ice-sheet During Greenland Interstadial-1? Quaternary Science Reviews 185: 222-229.

67. Cole TL, Waters JM, Shepherd L, Rawlence NJ, Joseph L, Wood JR (2018) Ancient DNA reveals that the ‘extinct’ Hunter Island penguin (Tasidyptes hunteri) is not a distinct taxon. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 182: 459-464.

66. Lear G, Dickie I, Banks J, Boyer S, Buckley HL, Buckley TR, Cruickshank R, Dopheide A, Handley KM, Hermans S, Kamke J, Lee CK, MacDiarmid R, Morales SE, Orlovich DA, Smissen R, Wood JR, Holdaway RJ (2018) Methods for the extraction, storage, amplification and sequencing of DNA from environmental samples. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42: 10-50A.

65. Orwin KH, Dickie IA, Holdaway RJ, Wood JR (2018) A comparison of the ability of PLFA and 16S rRNA gene metabarcoding to resolve soil community change and predict ecosystem functions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 117: 27-35.

64. Cole TL, Wood JR (2017) Hybridisation in the last remaining individuals of the extinct Fiordland population of brown teal (Anas chlorotis). Records of the Canterbury Museum 31: 159-165.

63. Wood JR, Holdaway RJ, Orwin KH, Morse C, Bonner KI, Davis C, Bolstridge N, Dickie IA (2017) No single driver of biodiversity: divergent responses of multiple taxa across land use types. Ecosphere 8: e01997.

62. Wood JR, Alcover JA, Blackburn TM, Bover P, Duncan RP, Hume JP, Louys J, Meijer HJM, Rando JC, Wilmshurst JM (2017) Island extinctions: patterns, processes, and potential for ecosystem restoration. Environmental Conservation 44: 348-358.

61. Holdaway RJ, Wood JR, Dickie IA, Orwin KH, Bellingham PJ, Richardson SJ, Lyver P O’B, Timoti P, Buckley TR (2017) Using DNA metabarcoding to assess New Zealand’s terrestrial biodiversity. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 41: 251-262.

60. Wood JR, Scofield RP, Wilmshurst JM (2017) Bone stable isotopes indicate a high trophic position for New Zealand’s extinct South Island adzebill (Aptornis defossor) (Gruiformes: Aptornithidae). New Zealand Journal of Ecology 41: 240-244.

59. Parducci L, Bennett KD, Ficetola GF, Greve IA, Suyama Y, Wood JR, Pedersen MW (2017) Ancient plant DNA from lake sediments. New Phytologist 214: 924-942.

58. Wood JR, Perry GLW, Wilmshurst JM (2017) Using palaeoecology to determine baseline ecological requirements and interaction networks for de-extinction candidate species. Functional Ecology 31: 1012-1020.

57. Wood JR, Mitchell KJ, Scofield RP, de Pietri, V.L., Rawlence NJ, Cooper A (2017) Phylogenetic relationships and terrestrial adaptations of the extinct laughing owl (Sceloglaux albifacies). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 179: 907-918.

56. Wood JR, Lawrence HA, Scofield RP, Taylor GA, Lyver PO’B, Gleeson DM (2017) Morphological, behavioural and genetic evidence supports reinstatement of full-species status for grey-faced petrel, Pterodroma macroptera gouldi (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 179: 201-216.

55. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2017) Changes in New Zealand forest plant communities following the prehistoric extinction of avian megaherbivores. Journal of Vegetation Science 28: 160-171.

54. Turney CSM, Wilmshurst JM, Jones RT, Wood JR, Palmer J, Hogg A, Fenwick P, Crowley SF, Privat K, Thomas Z (2017) Reconstructing atmospheric circulation over southern New Zealand: Establishment of modern westerly airflow 5500 years ago and implications for Southern Hemisphere Holocene climate change. Quaternary Science Reviews 159: 77-87.

53. Scofield RP, Mitchell KJ, Wood JR, Jarvie S, Llamas B, Cooper A (2017) Origin and phylogenetic relationships of the New Zealand ravens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 136-143.

52. Wood JR, Herrera MJB, Scofield RP, Wilmshurst JM (2016) Origin and timing of the earliest domestic chickens in New Zealand: Polynesian commensals or European introductions? Royal Society Open Science 3: 160258.

51. Orwin KH, Dickie IA, Wood JR, Bonner KI, Holdaway RJ (2016) Soil microbial community structure explains the resistance of respiration to a dry-rewet cycle, but not soil functions, under static conditions. Functional Ecology 30: 1430-1439.

50. Wood JR (2016) Spatial distribution of late Holocene bird bones in the Mason Bay dune system, Stewart Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 46: 103-116.

49. Mitchell KJ, Wood JR, Llamas B, McLenachan PA, Kardailsky O, Scofield RP, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2016) Ancient mitochondrial genomes clarify the evolutionary history of New Zealand's enigmatic acanthisittid wrens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 102: 295-304.

48. Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Bocherens H, Rogers K (2016) Dietary interpretations for the extinct moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) using coprolites and stable isotopes: complimentary or contradictory? Quaternary Science Reviews 142: 173-178.

47. Huang Y, Lowe DJ, Heng Z, Cursons R, Young JM, Churchman J, Schipper LA, Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Cooper A (2016) A new method to extract and purify DNA from allophanic soils and paleosols, and potential for paleoenvironmental reconstruction and other applications. Geoderma 274: 114-125.

46. Wood JR, Crown A, Cole TL, Wilmshurst JM (2016) Microscopic and ancient DNA profiling of Polynesian dog (kurī) coprolites from northern New Zealand. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 6: 496-505.

45. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2016) A protocol for subsampling Late Quaternary coprolites for multi-proxy analysis. Quaternary Science Reviews 138: 1-5.

44. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Turney CSM, Fogwill CJ (2016) Palaeoecological signatures of vegetation change induced by herbivory regime shifts on subantarctic Enderby Island. Quaternary Science Reviews 134: 51-58.

43. Lyver PO’B, Wilmshurst JM, Wood JR, Jones CJ, Fromont M, Bellingham PJ, Stone C, Sheehan M, Moller H (2015) Looking back for the future: Local knowledge and palaeoecology inform bicultural restoration of New Zealand coastal ecosystems. Human Ecology 43: 681-695.

42. Wood JR, De Pietri VL (2015) Next-generation paleornithology: technological and methodological advances allow new insights into the evolutionary and ecological histories of living birds. The Auk 132: 486-506.

41. Rogers GND, Bonner KI, Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2015) The rail-cutter: a simple, cheap and compact system for opening sediment cores in the lab and field. Journal of Paleolimnology 53: 433-436.

40. Wood JR, Dickie IA, Moeller HV, Peltzer DA, Bonner KI, Rattray G, Wilmshurst JM (2015) Novel interactions between non-native mammals and fungi facilitate establishment of invasive pines. Journal of Ecology 103: 121-129.

39. McWethy DB, Wilmshurst JM, Whitlock C, Wood JR, McGlone MS (2014) A high-resolution chronology of rapid forest transitions following Polynesian arrival in New Zealand. PLoS ONE 9: e111328.

38. Perry GL, Wheeler A, Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2014) A high-precision chronology for the rapid extinction of New Zealand moa (Aves, Dinornithiformes). Quaternary Science Reviews 105: 126-135.

37. Rawlence NJ, Lowe D, Wood JR, Young J, Churchman GJ, Huang Y, Cooper A (2014) Using palaeoenvironmental DNA to reconstruct past environments: progress and prospects. Journal of Quaternary Science 29: 610-626.

36. Thomson VA, Lebrasseur O, Austin JJ, Hunt TL, Burney DA, Denham T, Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Gongora J, Girland Flink L, Linderholm A, Dobney K, Larson G, Cooper A (2014) Reply to Beavan, Bryant, and Matisoo-Smith and Storey: Ancestral Polynesian ‘D’ haplotypes reflect Pacific chicken lineages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: E3585-E3586.

35. Tennyson AJD, Easton L, Wood JR (2014) Kea (Nestor notabilis) - another North Island post-settlement extinction. Notornis 61: 174-176.

34. Wood JR, Mitchell KJ, Scofield RP, Tennyson AJD, Fidler AE, Wilmshurst JM, Llamas B, Cooper A (2014) An extinct nestorid parrot (Aves, Psittaciformes, Nestoridae) from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 172: 185-199.

33. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2014) Late Quaternary terrestrial vertebrate coprolites from New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 98: 33-44.

32. Mitchell KJ, Llamas B, Soubrier J, Rawlence NJ, Worthy TH, Wood JR, Lee MSY, Cooper A (2014) Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution. Science 344: 898-900.

31. Thomson VA, Lebrasseur O, Austin JJ, Hunt TL, Burney DA, Denham T, Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Gongora J, Girland Flink L, Linderholm A, Dobney K, Larson G, Cooper A (2014) Using ancient DNA to study the origins and dispersal of ancestral Polynesian chickens across the Pacific. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: 4826-4831.

30. Wilmshurst JM, Moar NT, Wood JR, Bellingham P, Findlater A, Robinson J, Stone C (2014) Pollen and ancient DNA provide conservation baselines for offshore islands in New Zealand. Conservation Biology 28: 202-212.

29. Mitchell KJ, Wood JR, Scofield RP, Llamas B, Cooper A (2014) Ancient mitochondrial genome reveals unsuspected taxonomic affinity of the extinct Chatham duck (Pachyanas chathamica) and resolves divergence times for New Zealand and sub-Antarctic brown teals. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 420-428.

28. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Richardson SJ, Rawlence NJ, Wagstaff SJ, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2013) Resolving lost herbivore community structure using coprolites of four sympatric moa species (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 16910-16915.

27. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2013) Accumulation rates or percentages? How to quantify Sporormiella and other coprophilous fungal spores to detect late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions. Quaternary Science Reviews 77: 1-3.

26. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2013) The age of North Island giant moa (Dinornis novaezealandiae) bones found on the forest floor in the Ruahine Range. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 43: 250-255.

25. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Rawlence NJ, Bonner KI, Worthy TH, Kinsella JM, Cooper A (2013) A megafauna’s microfauna: gastrointestinal parasites of New Zealand’s extinct moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes). PLoS ONE 8: e57315.

24. Wood JR, Scofield RP (2013) Moa: the life and death of New Zealand’s legendary bird. Notornis 60: 194-195.

23. Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Scofield RP, Fraser C, Tennyson AJD (2013) Soft-tissue specimens from pre-European extinct birds of New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 43: 154-181.

22. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2013) Pollen analysis of coprolites reveals dietary details of heavy-footed moa (Pachyornis elephantopus) and coastal moa (Euryapteryx curtus) from Central Otago. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 37: 151-155.

21. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Holzapfel AS, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2012) A lost link between a flightless parrot and a parasitic plant and the potential role of coprolites in conservation paleobiology. Conservation Biology 26: 1091-1099.

20. Rawlence NJ, Metcalf J, Wood JR, Worthy TH, Austin JJ, Cooper A (2012) The effect of climate and environmental change on the megafaunal moa of New Zealand in the absence of humans. Quaternary Science Reviews 50: 141-153.

19. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Wagstaff SJ, Worthy TH, Rawlence NJ, Cooper A (2012) High-Resolution Coproecology: Using Coprolites to Reconstruct the Habits and Habitats of New Zealand's Extinct Upland Moa (Megalapteryx didinus). PLoS ONE 7: e40025.

18. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2012) First coprolite evidence for the diet of little bush moa (Anomalopteryx didiformis); an extinct forest ratite from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 36: 164-170

17. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2012) Wetland soil moisture complicates the use of Sporormiella to trace past herbivore populations. Journal of Quaternary Science 27: 254-259.

16. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Rawlence NJ (2011) Radiocarbon-dated faunal remains correlate very large rock avalanche deposit with prehistoric Alpine fault rupture. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 54: 431-434.

15. Rawlence NJ, Scofield RP, Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Moar NT, Worthy TH (2011) New palaeontological data from the excavation of the Late Glacial Glencrieff miring bone deposit, North Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 41: 217-236.

14. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2011) Sporormiella as a proxy for non-mammalian herbivores in island ecosystems. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 915-920.

13. Wood JR, Garden C (2010) Seasonal variation in duck populations on the Waihopai River, Invercargill, New Zealand. Notornis 57: 57-62.

12. Lee WG, Wood JR, Rogers GM (2010) The legacy of avian dominated plant-herbivore systems in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 34: 28-47.

11. Wood JR (2009) Two Late Quaternary avifaunal assemblages from the Dunback region, eastern Otago, South Island, New Zealand. Notornis 56: 154-157.

10. Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Armstrong KN, Cooper A (2009) DNA content and distribution in ancient feathers and potential to reconstruct the plumage of extinct avian taxa. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 1672: 3395-3402.

9. Wood JR, Rawlence NJ, Rogers GM, Worthy TH, Austin JJ, Cooper A (2008) Coprolite deposits reveal the diet and ecology of New Zealand's extinct megaherbivore moas (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 2593-2602.

8. Wood JR (2008) Moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) nesting material from the semi-arid interior of South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 38: 115-129.

7. Wood JR, Walker S (2008) Macrofossil evidence for pre-settlement vegetation of Central Otago's basin floors and gorges. New Zealand Journal of Botany 46: 239-255.

6. Wood JR, Worthy TH, Rawlence NJ, Jones SM, Read SE (2008) A deposition mechanism for Holocene miring bone deposits, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of Taphonomy 6: 1-20.

5. Wood JR, Briden S (2008) South Georgian diving petrel (Pelecanoides georgicus) bones from a Maori midden, Sandfly Bay, Otago Peninsula. Notornis 54: 45-46.

4. Wood JR (2007) Moa gizzard content analyses: further information on the diet of Dinornis robustus and Emeus crassus, and the first evidence for the diet of Pachyornis elephantopus (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Records of the Canterbury Museum 21: 27-39.

3. Wood JR (2006) Subfossil kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) remains from near Gibraltar Rock, Cromwell Gorge, Central Otago, New Zealand. Notornis 53: 191-193.

2. Wood JR (2004) Annual and monthly patterns in recoveries of beach-wrecked Procellariiformes from Southland, New Zealand 1990-2000. Notornis 51: 103-112.

1. Wood JR (1998) The effects of an abnormally cold winter spell on Southland birds. Notornis 45: 126-128.


Book chapters

5. Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Newnham R, McGlone MS (2016) Evolution and ecological change during the New Zealand Quaternary. In: J. Shulmeister (ed.), Landscape and Quaternary Environmental Change in New Zealand, Atlantis Advances in Quaternary Science 3, pp. 235-291.

4. Wood JR (2013) New Zealand, 500 years ago. In: MacLeod, N. (ed) Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinction. Gale, Farmington Hills, USA. Pp. 595-604.

3. McGlone MS, Wood JR, Bartlein PJ (2012) Environmental change in the temperate forested regions. In: J.A. Matthews (ed.). The Sage Handbook of Environmental Change. Sage, London. Pp. 188-214.

2. Walker S, Cieraad E, Monks A, Burrows L, Wood J, Price R, Rogers G, Lee W (2009) Long-term dynamics and rehabilitation of woody ecosystems in dryland South Island, New Zealand. In: Hobbs, R.J., Suding, K.N. (Eds) New models for ecosystem dynamics and restoration. Island Press, Washington DC. Pp. 99-111.

1. Lee D, Kennedy L, Bannister J, Wood J (2008) Palaeogardens – New Zealand’s fossil plants. In: Graham, I. (Ed.) A continent on the move. Geological Society of New Zealand. Pp. 240-243. (updated 2nd Edition released 2015).



  • Otago
    PhD Palaeoecology
  • Otago
    BSc (Hons) Geology



  • Palaeoecology
  • Palaeobotany
  • Molecular Biology
  • Geology
  • Ornithology