My research focuses on understanding the composition and functioning of late Quaternary (past 50,000 years) terrestrial ecosystems, specifically:
- Reconstructing prehistoric animal and plant communities from fossil remains;
- Resolving the ecological impacts associated with initial human settlement;
- Resolving the diets and ecological niches of extinct animal species;
- Exploring the consequences of lost or broken ecological interactions between species;
- Studying the systematics and phylogenetics of extinct bird species;
- Developing new palaeoecological proxies for studying different aspects of the past.
Parducci L, Bennett KD, Ficetola GF, Greve IA, Suyama Y, Wood JR, Pedersen MW (Accepted) Ancient plant DNA from lake sediments. New Phytologist.
Wood JR, Perry GLW, Wilmshurst JM (In press) Using palaeoecology to determine baseline ecological requirements and interaction networks for de-extinction candidate species. Functional Ecology.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (In press) Changes in New Zealand forest plant communities following the prehistoric extinction of avian megaherbivores. Journal of Vegetation Science.
Wood JR, Mitchell KJ, Scofield RP, de Pietri, V.L., Rawlence NJ, Cooper A (In press) Phylogenetic relationships and terrestrial adaptations of the extinct laughing owl (Sceloglaux albifacies). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.
Wood JR, Lawrence HA, Scofield RP, Taylor GA, Lyver POâB, Gleeson DM (In press) Morphological, behavioural and genetic evidence supports reinstatement of full-species status for grey-faced petrel, Pterodroma macroptera gouldi (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Newnham R, McGlone MS (in press) Evolution and ecological change during the New Zealand Quaternary. In: Schulmeister J (ed) The New Zealand Landscape. Springer.
Scofield RP, Mitchell KJ, Wood JR, Jarvie S, Llamas B, Cooper A (2017) Origin and phylogenetic relationships of the New Zealand ravens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 136-143.
Wood JR, Herrera MJB, Scofield RP, Wilmshurst JM (2016) Origin and timing of the earliest domestic chickens in New Zealand: Polynesian commensals or European introductions? Royal Society Open Science 3: 160258.
Orwin KH, Dickie IA, Wood JR, Bonner KI, Holdaway RJ (2016) Soil microbial community structure explains the resistance of respiration to a dry-rewet cycle, but not soil functions, under static conditions. Functional Ecology 30: 1430-1439.
Wood JR (2016) Spatial distribution of late Holocene bird bones in the Mason Bay dune system, Stewart Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 46: 103-116.
Mitchell KJ, Wood JR, Llamas B, McLenachan PA, Kardailsky O, Scofield RP, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2016) Ancient mitochondrial genomes clarify the evolutionary history of New Zealand's enigmatic acanthisittid wrens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 102: 295-304.
Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Bocherens H, Rogers K (2016) Dietary interpretations for the extinct moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) using coprolites and stable isotopes: complimentary or contradictory? Quaternary Science Reviews 142: 173-178.
Huang Y, Lowe DJ, Heng Z, Cursons R, Young JM, Churchman J, Schipper LA, Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Cooper A (2016) A new method to extract and purify DNA from allophanic soils and paleosols, and potential for paleoenvironmental reconstruction and other applications. Geoderma 274: 114-125.
Wood JR, Crown A, Cole TL, Wilmshurst JM (2016) Microscopic and ancient DNA profiling of Polynesian dog (kurÄ«) coprolites from northern New Zealand. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 6: 496-505.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2016) A protocol for subsampling Late Quaternary coprolites for multi-proxy analysis. Quaternary Science Reviews 138: 1-5.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Turney CSM, Fogwill CJ (2016) Palaeoecological signatures of vegetation change induced by herbivory regime shifts on subantarctic Enderby Island. Quaternary Science Reviews 134: 51-58.
Lyver POâB, Wilmshurst JM, Wood JR, Jones CJ, Fromont M, Bellingham PJ, Stone C, Sheehan M, Moller H (2015) Looking back for the future: Local knowledge and palaeoecology inform bicultural restoration of New Zealand coastal ecosystems. Human Ecology 43: 681-695.
Wood JR, De Pietri VL (2015) Next-generation paleornithology: technological and methodological advances allow new insights into the evolutionary and ecological histories of living birds. The Auk 132: 486-506.
Rogers GND, Bonner KI, Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2015) The rail-cutter: a simple, cheap and compact system for opening sediment cores in the lab and field. Journal of Paleolimnology 53: 433-436.
Wood JR, Dickie IA, Moeller HV, Peltzer DA, Bonner KI, Rattray G, Wilmshurst JM (2015) Novel interactions between non-native mammals and fungi facilitate establishment of invasive pines. Journal of Ecology 103: 121-129.
McWethy DB, Wilmshurst JM, Whitlock C, Wood JR, McGlone MS (2014) A high-resolution chronology of rapid forest transitions following Polynesian arrival in New Zealand. PLoS ONE 9: e111328.
Perry GL, Wheeler A, Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2014) A high-precision chronology for the rapid extinction of New Zealand moa (Aves, Dinornithiformes). Quaternary Science Reviews 105: 126-135.
Rawlence NJ, Lowe D, Wood JR, Young J, Churchman GJ, Huang Y, Cooper A (2014) Using palaeoenvironmental DNA to reconstruct past environments: progress and prospects. Journal of Quaternary Science 29: 610-626.
Thomson VA, Lebrasseur O, Austin JJ, Hunt TL, Burney DA, Denham T, Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Gongora J, Girland Flink L, Linderholm A, Dobney K, Larson G, Cooper A (2014) Reply to Beavan, Bryant, and Matisoo-Smith and Storey: Ancestral Polynesian âDâ haplotypes reflect Pacific chicken lineages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: E3585-E3586.
Tennyson AJD, Easton L, Wood JR (2014) Kea (Nestor notabilis) - another North Island post-settlement extinction. Notornis 61: 174-176.
Wood JR, Mitchell KJ, Scofield RP, Tennyson AJD, Fidler AE, Wilmshurst JM, Llamas B, Cooper A (2014) An extinct nestorid parrot (Aves, Psittaciformes, Nestoridae) from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 172: 185-199.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2014) Late Quaternary terrestrial vertebrate coprolites from New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 98: 33-44.
Mitchell KJ, Llamas B, Soubrier J, Rawlence NJ, Worthy TH, Wood JR, Lee MSY, Cooper A (2014) Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution. Science 344: 898-900.
Thomson VA, Lebrasseur O, Austin JJ, Hunt TL, Burney DA, Denham T, Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Gongora J, Girland Flink L, Linderholm A, Dobney K, Larson G, Cooper A (2014) Using ancient DNA to study the origins and dispersal of ancestral Polynesian chickens across the Pacific. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111: 4826-4831.
Wilmshurst JM, Moar NT, Wood JR, Bellingham P, Findlater A, Robinson J, Stone C (2014) Pollen and ancient DNA provide conservation baselines for offshore islands in New Zealand. Conservation Biology 28: 202-212.
Mitchell KJ, Wood JR, Scofield RP, Llamas B, Cooper A (2014) Ancient mitochondrial genome reveals unsuspected taxonomic affinity of the extinct Chatham duck (Pachyanas chathamica) and resolves divergence times for New Zealand and sub-Antarctic brown teals. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 420-428.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Richardson SJ, Rawlence NJ, Wagstaff SJ, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2013) Resolving lost herbivore community structure using coprolites of four sympatric moa species (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 16910-16915.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2013) Accumulation rates or percentages? How to quantify Sporormiella and other coprophilous fungal spores to detect late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions. Quaternary Science Reviews 77: 1-3.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2013) The age of North Island giant moa (Dinornis novaezealandiae) bones found on the forest floor in the Ruahine Range. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 43: 250-255.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Rawlence NJ, Bonner KI, Worthy TH, Kinsella JM, Cooper A (2013) A megafaunaâs microfauna: gastrointestinal parasites of New Zealandâs extinct moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes). PLoS ONE 8: e57315.
Wood JR, Scofield RP (2013) Moa: the life and death of New Zealandâs legendary bird. Notornis 60: 194-195.
Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Scofield RP, Fraser C, Tennyson AJD (2013) Soft-tissue specimens from pre-European extinct birds of New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 43: 154-181.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2013) Pollen analysis of coprolites reveals dietary details of heavy-footed moa (Pachyornis elephantopus) and coastal moa (Euryapteryx curtus) from Central Otago. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 37: 151-155.
Wood JR (2013) New Zealand, 500 years ago. In: MacLeod, N. (ed) Grzimekâs Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinction. Gale, Farmington Hills, USA. Pp. 595-604.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Holzapfel AS, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2012) A lost link between a flightless parrot and a parasitic plant and the potential role of coprolites in conservation paleobiology. Conservation Biology 26: 1091-1099.
Rawlence NJ, Metcalf J, Wood JR, Worthy TH, Austin JJ, Cooper A (2012) The effect of climate and environmental change on the megafaunal moa of New Zealand in the absence of humans. Quaternary Science Reviews 50: 141-153.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Wagstaff SJ, Worthy TH, Rawlence NJ, Cooper A (2012) High-Resolution Coproecology: Using Coprolites to Reconstruct the Habits and Habitats of New Zealand's Extinct Upland Moa (Megalapteryx didinus). PLoS ONE 7: e40025.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2012) First coprolite evidence for the diet of little bush moa (Anomalopteryx didiformis); an extinct forest ratite from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 36: 164-170
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM (2012) Wetland soil moisture complicates the use of Sporormiella to trace past herbivore populations. Journal of Quaternary Science 27: 254-259.
McGlone MS, Wood JR, Bartlein PJ (2012) Environmental change in the temperate forested regions. In: J.A. Matthews (ed.). The Sage Handbook of Environmental Change. Sage, London. Pp. 188-214.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Rawlence NJ (2011) Radiocarbon-dated faunal remains correlate very large rock avalanche deposit with prehistoric Alpine fault rupture. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 54: 431-434.
Rawlence NJ, Scofield RP, Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Moar NT, Worthy TH (2011) New palaeontological data from the excavation of the Late Glacial Glencrieff miring bone deposit, North Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 41: 217-236.
Wood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Worthy TH, Cooper A (2011) Sporormiella as a proxy for non-mammalian herbivores in island ecosystems. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 915-920.
Wood JR, Garden C (2010) Seasonal variation in duck populations on the Waihopai River, Invercargill, New Zealand. Notornis 57: 57-62.
Lee WG, Wood JR, Rogers GM (2010) The legacy of avian dominated plant-herbivore systems in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 34: 28-47.
Wood JR (2009) Two Late Quaternary avifaunal assemblages from the Dunback region, eastern Otago, South Island, New Zealand. Notornis 56: 154-157.
Rawlence NJ, Wood JR, Armstrong KN, Cooper A (2009) DNA content and distribution in ancient feathers and potential to reconstruct the plumage of extinct avian taxa. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 1672: 3395-3402.
Walker S, Cieraad E, Monks A, Burrows L, Wood J, Price R, Rogers G, Lee W (2009) Long-term dynamics and rehabilitation of woody ecosystems in dryland South Island, New Zealand. In: Hobbs, R.J., Suding, K.N. (Eds) New models for ecosystem dynamics and restoration. Island Press, Washington DC. Pp. 99-111.
Wood JR, Rawlence NJ, Rogers GM, Worthy TH, Austin JJ, Cooper A (2008) Coprolite deposits reveal the diet and ecology of New Zealand's extinct megaherbivore moas (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 2593-2602.
Wood JR (2008) Moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) nesting material from the semi-arid interior of South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 38: 115-129.
Wood JR, Walker S (2008) Macrofossil evidence for pre-settlement vegetation of Central Otago's basin floors and gorges. New Zealand Journal of Botany 46: 239-255.
Wood JR, Worthy TH, Rawlence NJ, Jones SM, Read SE (2008) A deposition mechanism for Holocene miring bone deposits, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of Taphonomy 6: 1-20.
Wood JR, Briden S (2008) South Georgian diving petrel (Pelecanoides georgicus) bones from a Maori midden, Sandfly Bay, Otago Peninsula. Notornis 54: 45-46.
Lee D, Kennedy L, Bannister J, Wood J (2008) Palaeogardens â New Zealandâs fossil plants. In: Graham, I. (Ed.) A continent on the move. Geological Society of New Zealand. Pp. 240-243. (updated 2nd Edition released 2015).
Wood JR (2007) Moa gizzard content analyses: further information on the diet of Dinornis robustus and Emeus crassus, and the first evidence for the diet of Pachyornis elephantopus (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Records of the Canterbury Museum 21: 27-39.
Wood JR (2006) Subfossil kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) remains from near Gibraltar Rock, Cromwell Gorge, Central Otago, New Zealand. Notornis 53: 191-193.
Wood JR (2004) Annual and monthly patterns in recoveries of beach-wrecked Procellariiformes from Southland, New Zealand 1990-2000. Notornis 51: 103-112.
Wood JR (1998) The effects of an abnormally cold winter spell on Southland birds. Notornis 45: 126-128.
- Molecular Biology